Translation of the meanings of the Holy Qur-an
in English by Dr. Taqiud Din Hilali and Dr. Muhsin Khan

33. Surah al-Ahzab" (The Confederates)

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Bismillah hir Rahmanir Rahim

1. O Prophet [Muhammad (Peace be upon him)]! Keep your duty to Allah, and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites (i.e., do not follow their advice). Verily! Allah is Ever All­Knower, All­Wise.
2. And follow that which is revealed to you from your Lord. Verily, Allah is Well­Acquainted with what you do.
3. And put your trust in Allah, and Sufficient is Allah as a Wakil (Trustee, or Disposer of affairs).
4. Allah has not made for any man two hearts inside his body. Neither has He made your wives whom you declare to be like your mothers' backs, your real mothers. [Az­Zihar is the saying of a husband to his wife, "You are to me like the back of my mother" i.e. You are unlawful for me to approach.], nor has He made your adopted sons your real sons. That is but your saying with your mouths. But Allah says the truth, and He guides to the (Right) Way.
5. Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers, that is more just with Allah. But if you know not their father's (names, call them) your brothers in faith and Mawalikum (your freed slaves). And there is no sin on you concerning that in which you made a mistake, except in regard to what your hearts deliberately intend. And Allah is Ever Oft­Forgiving, Most Merciful.
6. The Prophet is closer to the believers than their ownselves, and his wives are their (believers') mothers (as regards respect and marriage). And blood relations among each other have closer personal ties in the Decree of Allah (regarding inheritance) than (the brotherhood of) the believers and the Muhajirun (emigrants from Makkah), except that you do kindness to those brothers (when the Prophet SAW joined them in brotherhood ties). This has been written in the (Allah's Book of Divine) Decrees (Al­Lawh Al­Mahfuz)."
7. And (remember) when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you [O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)], and from Nuh (Noah), Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), and 'Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). We took from them a strong covenant.
8. That He may ask the truthful (Allah's Messengers and His Prophets) about their truth (i.e. the conveyance of Allah's Message that which they were charged with). And He has prepared for the disbelievers a painful torment (Hell-fire).
9. O you who believe! Remember Allah's Favour to you, when there came against you hosts, and We sent against them a wind and forces that you saw not [i.e. troops of angels during the battle of Al­Ahzab (the Confederates)]. And Allah is Ever All­Seer of what you do.
10. When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when the eyes grew wild and the hearts reached to the throats, and you were harbouring doubts about Allah.
11. There, the believers were tried and shaken with a mighty shaking.
12. And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease (of doubts) said: "Allah and His Messenger (Peace be upon him) promised us nothing but delusions!"
13. And when a party of them said: "O people of Yathrib (Al­Madinah)! There is no stand (possible) for you (against the enemy attack!) Therefore go back!" And a band of them ask for permission of the Prophet ( Peace be upon him) saying: "Truly, our homes lie open (to the enemy)." And they lay not open. They but wished to flee.
14. And if the enemy had entered from all sides (of the city), and they had been exhorted to Al­Fitnah (i.e. to renegade from Islam to polytheism) they would surely have committed it and would have hesitated thereupon but little.
15. And indeed they had already made a covenant with Allah not to turn their backs, and a covenant with Allah must be answered for.
16. Say [O Muhammad (Peace be upon him) to these hypocrites who ask your permission to run away from you]: "Flight will not avail you if you flee from death or killing, and then you will enjoy no more than a little while!"
17. Say: "Who is he who can protect you from Allah if He intends to harm you, or intends mercy on you?" And they will not find, besides Allah, for themselves any Wali (protector, supporter.) or any helper.
18. Allah already knows those among you who keep back (men) from fighting in Allah's Cause, and those who say to their brethren "Come here towards us," while they (themselves) come not to the battle except a little.
19. Being miserly towards you (as regards help and aid in Allah's Cause). Then when fear comes, you will see them looking to you, their eyes revolving like (those of) one over whom hovers death, but when the fear departs, they will smite you with sharp tongues, miserly towards (spending anything in any) good (and only covetous of booty and wealth). Such have not believed. Therefore Allah makes their deeds fruitless, and that is ever easy for Allah.
20. They think that Al­Ahzab (the Confederates) have not yet withdrawn, and if Al­Ahzab (the Confederates) should come (again), they would wish they were in the deserts (wandering) among the bedouins, seeking news about you (from a far place); and if they (happen) to be among you, they would not fight but little.
21. Indeed in the Messenger of Allah [Muhammad (Peace be upon him)] you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah much.
22. And when the believers saw Al­Ahzab (the Confederates), they said: "This is what Allah and His Messenger [Muhammad (Peace be upon him)] had promised us, and Allah and His Messenger [Muhammad (Peace be upon him)] had spoken the truth. And it only added to their faith and to their submissiveness (to Allah).
23. Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah [i.e. they have gone out for Jihad (holy fighting), and showed not their backs to the disbelievers], of them some have fulfilled their obligations (i.e. have been martyred), and some of them are still waiting, but they have never changed [i.e. they never proved treacherous to their covenant which they concluded with Allah] in the least.
24. That Allah may reward the men of truth for their truth (i.e. for their patience at the accomplishment of that which they covenanted with Allah), and punish the hypocrites if He wills, or accept their repentance by turning to them in Mercy. Verily, Allah is Oft­Forgiving, Most Merciful.
25. And Allah drove back those who disbelieved in their rage, they gained no advantage (booty). Allah sufficed for the believers in the fighting (by sending against the disbelievers a severe wind and troops of angels). And Allah is Ever All­Strong, All­Mighty.
26. And those of the people of the Scripture who backed them (the disbelievers) Allah brought them down from their forts and cast terror into their hearts, (so that) a group (of them) you killed, and a group (of them) you made captives.
27. And He caused you to inherit their lands, and their houses, and their riches, and a land which you had not trodden (before). And Allah is Able to do all things.
28. O Prophet [Muhammad (Peace be upon him)]! Say to your wives: If you desire the life of this world, and its glitter, then come! I will make a provision for you and set you free in a handsome manner (divorce).
29. But if you desire Allah and His Messenger, and the home of the Hereafter, then verily, Allah has prepared for Al­Muhsinat (good­doers) amongst you an enormous reward.
30. O wives of the Prophet! Whoever of you commits an open illegal sexual intercourse, the torment for her will be doubled, and that is ever easy for Allah.

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